Books

Annotated Bibliography

Muzaffar Iqbal

 

 

A bibliography on Islam and science cannot be complete without the inclusion of a number of works indirectly dealing with science and religion issues in a broader context. Likewise, certain other themes, such as the colonization of the Muslim world and the subsequent implantation of western scientific institutions cannot be neglected in any account of the emergence of the contemporary Islam and science nexus. Similarly, this nexus is deeply influenced by the question of modernity, education, history of modern science, transmission of the Islamic scientific tradition to the West, Muslim encounter with the West and many other related areas; hence the need to include at least some references to works which focus on these issues. However, the inclusion of all secondary resources would make the bibliography unmanageable. Hence a compromise has to be made in terms of the extent of inclusion of these resources. The following bibliography is limited to the works which are more closely linked to the developments in the Islam and science discourse.

 

`Abduh, Muhammad and Rida, Rashid (1927), Tafsir Manar (repr. 1954-61) as Tafsir al-Qur’an al-Hakim al-Mustahir bi Tafsir al-Manar, 12 vols. Cairo.

Commentary on the Qur’an, contains many “scientific explanations” of the verses.

Abu-Lughod, Ibrahim (1963), Arab Rediscovery of Europe, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Contains some helpful information about the impact of European science on the Muslim world.

Abdul Mabud, Shaikh (1991), Theory of Evolution: An Assessment from the Islamic Point of View, The Islamic Academy, Cambridge and The Islamic Academy of Science, Kuala Lumpur.

By far the most detailed scientific treatment of the theory of evolution from an Islamic point of view.

 Açıkgenç, Alparslan (1993), Being and Existence in Sadra and Heidegger, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, Kuala Lumpur.

A work on comparative ontology in three parts. Discusses terms used by Sadra to explain some of his major concepts.

Açıkgenç, Alparslan (1996), Islamic Science: Towards a Definition, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, Kuala Lumpur.

A theoretical attempt at defining the concept of Islamic science, the work tries to establish the definition by first defining the concept of “Islamic” and then expanding it to “Islamic worldview” and finally to Islamic science.

Afnan, Soheil (1964), Philosophical Terminology in Arabic and Persian, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

A good source of definitions.

Ahmed, Akbar S. and Donnan, Hastings (eds., 1994), Islam, Globalization and Postmodernity, Routledge, London.

 

al-Afghani, Jamal ad-din, tr. by A. M. Goichon (1942), as Réfutation des Matérialistes, Paul Geuthner, Paris.

French version of Afhani’s Refutation, along with a biographical essay.

al-Andalusi, Ça`id, Tabaqat al-’Umam, tr. by Sema`an I. Salem and Alok Kumar (1991) as Science in the Medieval World, Book of the Categories of Nations, University of Texas Press, Austin.

 

al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib (1991), The Concept of Education in Islam, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, Kuala Lumpur.

A framework for an Islamic philosophy of education. A book of definitions related to essential elements in the concept of education and educational process as envisaged in Islam.

al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib (1993), Islam and Secularism, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, Kuala Lumpur.

Five chapters: The contemporary Western Christian Background; Secular-Secularization-Secularism; Islam: The Concept of Religion and the Foundation of Ethics and Morality; The Muslim Dilemma; and The Dewesternization of Knowledge.

al-Barr, Muhammad `Ali (1986), Khalq al-Insan bayn al-Tibb wa al-Qurban (The Creation of Human Being in Medicine and the Qurban), al-Dar al-Sacudiyyah, Jeddah.

A scientific exegesis of the Qur’an.

al-Biruni, Abu Rayhan, Kitab al-Jamahir fi Ma`rifat al-Jawahir, tr. by Hakim Mohammad Said (1989), as The Most Comprehensive Book on the Knowledge of Precious Stones, Pakistan Hijrah Council, Islamabad.

A comprehensive book by one of the most important Muslim scientists, al-Biruni; it integrates his life long scientific learning about precious stones with his religious beliefs.

al-Biruni, Abu Rayhan (ed. 1937) by A. Zeki Validi Togan as Beruni’s Picture of the World, Archeological Survey of India, Delhi.

 

al-Dhahabi, Muhammad Husayn (1985), al-tafsir wa’l-Mufassirun, 2 vols., 4th ed., Maktaba al-Wahbiya, reprn. (n.d.) in 3 vols. Dar al-arqam, Beirut.

A good source for the Qur’anic exegesis and exegetes.

al-Farabi, Abu Nasr, Mabadi’ ara’ ahl al-madina al-fadila, tr. by Richard Walzer (1985), as al-Farabi on The Perfect State, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Translation of Farabi’s Mabadi’ ara’ahl al-Madina al-Fadila,revised text with introduction, commentary and notes. Contains the original Arabic.

al-Farabi, Ihsa’ al-`Ulum, ed. by `Uthman Amin (1947), Dar al-Fikr al-`Arabi, Cairo.

 

al-Farabi, Abu Nasr, tr. by Muhsin Mahdi (1962), as Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, The Free Press of Glencoe, New York.

Translation and introduction to Farabi’s work. Contains translation of The Attainment of Happiness; The Philosophy of Plato; The Philsophy of Aristotle. Notes.

al-Faruqi, Isma`il, R. (1982), Islamization of Knowledge: General Principles and Work Plan, International Institute of Islamic Thought, Washington DC.

The main concept behind the establishment of the International Institute of Islamic Thought. Outline of the plan of work for Islamization of knowledge.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad (repr. 1417/1996), Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din, 5 vols., Maktaba al-`asriyya, Beirut.

This major work of Islamic scholarship, written toward the end of al-Ghazali’s life (d. 1111), is divided into forty books. Many books have been translated into English.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din, tr. by Fazlul Karim (1993), as Revival of Religious Learnings, 4 vols. in 2, Darul Ishaat, Karachi.

A poor translation of al-Ghazali’s magnus opus.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din, selections, tr. by Edwin Elliot Calverley (1977), as The Mysteries of Worship in Islam, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, Lahore.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din, Book XXXV, Kitab al-tawhid wa’l-tawakkul, tr. by David B. Burrell (2001), as Faith in Divine Unity & Trust in Divine Providence, Fons Vitae, Louisville, KY.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din, Book XL, Kitab dhikr al-mawt wa-ma ba`dahu, tr. by T. J. Winter (1995), as The Remembrance of Death and the Afterlife, Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, al-Iqtisad fi’l-`itiqad, tr. by Abdur-Rahman Abu Zayd (1970), as al-Ghazzali on Divine Predicates and their Properties, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, Lahore.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Kitab Jawahir al-Qur’an, tr. by Muhammad Abdul Quasem (1983), as The Jewels of the Qur’an, Kegan Paul International, London.

Contains many ideas about the relationship between the Qur’an and science with examples drawn from the world of nature.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, al-Msad al-asna fi Sharh asma’ Allah al-husna, tr. by David B. Burrell and Nazih Daher (1992), Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad (repr. 1411/1991), al-Munqidh min al-Dalal, Mu’assatul Kutab al-Thaqafiyya, Beirut.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, al-Munqidh min al-Dalal, tr. by Richard Joseph McCarthy (1980), as Deliverance From Error and other Relevant Works of al-Ghazali, Twayne Publishers, Boston.

A penetrating reflection on his own spiritual crisis by al-Ghazali, a very good translation.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Mishkat al-anwar, tr. by W. H. T. Gardiner (1952), The Niche for Lights, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, Lahore.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad (reprn. n.d.), Makashfa tul-Qalub, Dar al-Qalam, Beirut.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Makashfatul Qalub, Urdu tr. by Mawlana Qari Muhammad `ataullah (1399/1978), Makataba Islamiyat, Lahore.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Rasa’il Imam Ghazali, a collection of fifteen works of al-Ghazali, translated into Urdu by various translators and repr. (1990), Dar al-Isha`at, Karachi.

A good collection of major works of al-Ghazali, translated into high Urdu.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Kimiya-e Sa`adat, Urdu tr. by Muhammad Sa`id al-Rahman `alwi (n.d.), Maktaba Rahmaniyya, Lahore.

 

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Tahafut al-Falasifah, A Parallel English-Arabic Text, tr. by Michael E. Marmura (2000) as The Incoherence of the Philosophers, Brigham Young University Press, Provo, Utah.

A major work work by al-Ghazali deals with the concepts of beginning of the cosmos in philosophical terms.

al-Ghazali, Muhammad (2001), The Socio-political Thought of Shah Wali Allah, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

A precise summary of Shah Wali Allah’s thought.

al-Harawi, Husain (1942), al-Nazariyyat al-cilmiyya fibl-Qurban (Scientific Theories in the Qurban), n.p., Cairo.

 

Abu’l Qasim Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Iraqi, Kitab al-`ilm al-maktasab fi zira`at adh-dhahab, tr. by E. J. Holmyard (1923) as Book of Knowledge Acquired Concerning the Cultivation of Gold, n.p., Paris.

 

al-Iskandarani, Muhammad b. Ahmad (1880), Kash al-Asrar `an al-Nuraniyya al-Qurbaniyya fi-ma yata `allaqu bi al-Ajram as-Samawiyya wa al-Ardiyya wa al-Hayawanat wa al-Nabat wa al-Jawahir al-Macadaniyya (The unveiling of the luminous secrets of the Qurban in which are discussed celestial bodies, the earth, animals, plants and minerals), 3 vols. n.p., Cairo.

 

al-Iskandarani, Muhammad b. Ahmad (1883), Tibyan al-Asrar al-Rabbaniyya fibl-Nabat wabl Macadin wabl-Khawass al-Hawywaniyyah, n.p., Damascus.

Scientific explanations of signs of God in the vegetable, mineral and animal kingdoms.

al-Kashi, Jamshid ibn Mas`ud ibn Mahmud Ghiyath al-Din (or Kashani), Nuzhat al-Hada’iq, tr. from a Persian version by E. S. Kennedy (1960), as The Planetary Equatorium, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Contains a first hand account of scientific activity in Samaqand during Ulug Beg’s times. Original Persian text of al-Kashi’s work, with translation, commentary and notes.

al-Khatib, Musa (1994), Min Dala’il al-I‘jaz al-`Ilmi fi’l-Qur’an wa’l-Sunna al-Nabawiyya, Mu’assasat al-Khalij al-`Arabi li’l-Tiba`a wa’l-Nashr, Cairo.

A work on the so-called scientific miracles of the Qur’an.

al-Khuli, Amin (1944), al-tafsir: ma`alim hayati-minhaju al-yawm, n.p. Cairo.

Scientific exegesis of the Qur’an.

al-Khuli, Amin (1961), Manahij tajdid fi’l-nahw wa’l-balagha wa’l-tafsir wa’l-adab, Dar al-Ma`rifa, Cairo.

 

al-Khwarazmi, Abu Ja`far Muhammad bin Musa, Kitab al-Mukhtasir fi’l Hisab al-Jabr wa’l Muqabala, tr. by Frederic Rosen (1989), as Algebra, Pakistan Hijrah Council, Islamabad.

Original Arabic with translation. A major work of al-Khwarazmi, contains no discussion between mathematics and Islam.

al-Mujahid, Sharif (1954), Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani: His Role in the Nineteenth Century Muslim Awakening, Master’s Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

One of the first modern works on Afghani.

al-Sayyuti, Jalal uddin (repr. 1967), al-Itqan fi `ulum al-Qur’an, 2 vols., Matb`a Amir, Cairo, 1967.

A fundamental text on the sciences of the Qur’an.

al-Sharastani, Abi al-Fath `Abd al-Karim, Kitab al-milal wa’l-nihal, repr. (1964), Maktaba al-Mathna, Baghdad.

al-Sharqawi, Muhammad `Iffat (1972), Ittijahat al-tafsi fi’l-Misr al-`asr al-hadith, Matba`at al-Kilani, Cairo.

 

Aquinas, Thomas, De Unitate Intellectus Contra Averroistas, tr. by Beatrice H. Zedler (1968), as On the Unity of The Intellect Against the Averroists, Marquette University Press, Milwaukee.

English translation of Aquinas’ Latin work with an introduction.

Arberry, A. J. (1964), Aspects of Islamic Civilization, A. S. Barnes and Co. Inc., New York.

 

Atiyyah, Hasan Hamid (1992), Khalaqa s-samawati wabl-arda fi sittati ayyamin fibl-cilmi wabl-Qurban (Creation of the Heavens and the Earth in Six Days in Science and in the Qurban), Nashr wa-Tawzic Mubassasat cAbd al-Karim b. cAbdallah, Tunis.

 

Avicenna, Danesh-name ilahi, tr. by Farhang Zabeeh (1971), as Avicenna’s Treatise on Logic, Marinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

 

Azmi, Mohammad Mustafa (1978), Studies in Early Hadith Literature, American Trust Publications, Indianapolis.

A major text which refutes orientalists claims about the Hadith literature.

Azmi, Muhammad Mustafa (1985) On Schacht’s Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, King Saud University, Riyad and John Wiley, Chichester.

Azmi’s second major work refuting orientalism.

Baber, Zaheer (1996), The Science of Empire, State University of New York Press, Albany.

One of the first comprehensive accounts of the implantation of Western scientific institutions in the colonized subcontinent. Contains references to many primary sources.

Bacon, Francis, ed. by John M. Robertson (1905), The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon, Routledge and Sons Ltd., London.

 

Bacon, Francis, ed. by Sidney Warhaft (1965), Francis Bacon, A Selection of His Works, Macmillan, Toronto.

 

Badawi, Zaki, M. A. (1976, 1978), The Reformers of Egypt: A Critique of al-Afghani, Abduh and Ridha, Croom Helm, London.

A pioneering work on Jamal al-Din Afghani, Muhammad `Abduh and Muhammad Rashid Ridha. Deals with their lives, works and times.

Bakar, Osman (1991), Tawhid and Science: Essays on the History and Philosophy of Islamic Science, Secretariat for Islamic Philosophy and Science, Kuala Lumpur.

 

Bakar, Osman (1992), Classification of Knowledge in Islam, Institute for Policy Research, Kuala Lumpur.

 

Baljon, J. M. S. (1961), Modern Muslim Koran Interpretation (1880-1960), E. J. Brill, Leiden.

An orientalist’s account of the modern Qur’anic exegesis.

Barbour, Ian (1990), Religion in an Age of Science: The Gifford Lectures, vol. 1, Harper, San Francisco.

 

Barbour, Ian (1993), Ethics in an Age of Technology: The Gifford Lectures, vol. 2, Harper, San Francisco.

 

Barbour, Ian (1996), Issues in Science and Religion, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

 

Barbour, Ian (1997), Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues, HarperCollins, San Francisco.

 

Barq, Ghulam Jilani (n.d.), Do Qur’an (Two Qur’ans), Shaykh Ghulam Ali, Lahore.

An Urdu work, dealing with the scientific verses of the Qur’an.

Behe, Michael, J. (1996), Darwin’s Black Box, Simon & Schuster, New York.

 

Böwering, Gerhard (1980), The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam, Walter De Gruyter, Berlin.

 

Brockelmann, Carl (1898, repr. 1996), Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur, A New Edition, with a Preface by Jan Just Witkam, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

One of the two major modern catalogues of manuscripts and other works of Islamic tradition; the other being by Sezgin (see Sezgin).

 

Bucaille, Maurice (1976), La Bible, le Coran et la science: les Écritures saintes examinées à la lumière des connaissances modernes, Seghers, Paris.

 

Bucaille, Maurice and Pannell, Alastair D. (tr., 1978), The Bible, the Qur’an and Science. North American Trust Publications, Indianapolis.

Perhaps the most popular account of the scientific verses of the Qur’an. Contains some inaccuracies.

Burchardt, Titus (1987), Mirror of the Intellect: Essays on Traditional Science and Sacred Art, Quinta Essentia, Cambridge.

 

Burchardt, Titus (1995), Alchemy, Science of the Cosmos, Science of the Soul, Quinta Essentia, Cambridge.

A mystical interpretation of the science of alchemy.

Burchardt, Titus (1999), Moorish Culture in Spain, tr. by Alisa Jaffa and William Stoddart, Fons Vitae, Louisville.

A penetrating study of Islamic culture in Spain.

Ceylan, Yasin, (1996), Theology and Tafsir in the Major Works of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, Kuala Lumpur.

 

Chittick, William (1989), The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-Arabi’s Metaphysics of Imagination, State University of New York Press, Albany.

A groundbreaking work on Ibn al-Arabi.

Chittick, William (1998), The Self-Disclosure of God: Principles of Ibn al-`Arabi’s Cosmology, State University of New York Press, Albany.

Contains a large number of translated passages from Ibn al-Arabi’s work.

Corbin, Henry (1977), Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth, ed. and tr. by Nancy Pearson, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Two parts. Part two contains selctions from traditional texts with translations.

Corbin, Henry (1969, 1997), Alone with the Alone: Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn `Arabi, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Cook, M.A. (ed., 1970), Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East, Oxford University Press, London.

 

Corey, M. A. (1993), God and the New Cosmology: The Anthropic Design Argument, Powman and Lettlefield, Lanham.

 

Corlett, William and Moore, John (1980), The Islamic Space, Bradbury Press, Scarsdale, N. Y.

 

Craig, William Lane (1979), The Kalam Cosmological Argument, Macmillan Press Ltd., London.

Part I: al-kindi, Saadia and al-Ghazali; Part II: A modern defence of the Kalam cosmological argument; contains two appendices: The Kalam cosmological argument and Zeno’s paradoxes and the Kalam cosmological argument and the thesis of Kant’s first antinomy.

Craig, William Lane (1980), The Cosmological Argument from Plato to Leibniz, Macmillan Press Ltd., London.

 

Craig, William Lane and Smith, Quentin (1993), Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

 

Crombie, A. C. (1995), The History of Science: From Augustine to Galileo, Dover Publications, Mineola, N.Y.

 

Dahiyat, Ismail M. (1974), Avicenna’s Commentary on the Poetics of Aristotle, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

A critical study with an annotated translation of the text.

Davidson, Herbert A. (1987), Proofs for Eternity, Creation and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy, Oxford University Press, New York.

 

Davidson, Herbert A. (1992), Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect, Oxford University Press, New York.

Eight chapters: Greek and Arabic Amtecedents; Alfarabi on Emanation, the Active Intellect, and Human Intellect; Avicenna on Emanation, the Active Intellect, and Human Intellect; Reverberations of the Theories of Alfarabi and Avicenna; Averroes on Emanation and on the Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence; Averroes on the Material Intellect; Averroes on the Active Intellect as the Cause of Human Thought.

Daww, Muhammad Kamil (1955), Al-Qur’an al-Karim wa’l-`Ulum al-Haditha (The Noble Qur’an and the Modern Sciences), Dar al-Fikr al-Hadith, Cairo.

 

Dictionary of Scientific Biography (1970-80), 16 vols., Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.

A major reference work, contains bio/bibliographical information on many Muslim scientists.

Dhanani, Alnoor, (1994), The Physical Theory of Kalam Atoms, Space, and Void in Basrian Mu`tazili Cosmology, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

Contains many references to primary sources. Discusses major issues in kalam.

Duhem, Pierre (1913–1959), Le Système du Monde, 10 vols. Hermann, Paris.

 

Eaton, Charles Le Gai (1985), Islam and the Destiny of Man, G. Allen and Unwin, London.

Eaton, Charles Le Gai (1990), King of the Castle, Islamic Text Society, Cambridge.

Eaton, Charles Le Gai (2000), Remembering God: Reflections on Islam, Kazi Publications, Chicago.

The chapter “Earth’s Complaint” contains Islamic concept of environment.

The Enclopaedia of Islam (1986—), new edn. 10 vols., E. J. Brill, Leiden.

A work in progress. Major orientalists have written for the EI, many older articles are inaccurate.

El-Naggar, Z. R. (1991), Sources of Scientific Knowledge: The Geological Concept of Mountains in the Qurban, Association of Muslim Scientists and Engineers and International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon, VA.

 

Enayat, Hamid (1982), Modern Islamic Political Thought, University of Texas Press, Austin.

 

Fakhry, Majid (1970 and 1983), A History of Islamic Philosophy, Columbia University Press.

 

Ferber, Stanley (ed., 1975), Islam and the Medieval West, State University of New York, Binghamton.

Five essays on various aspects of Islam and the Medieval West, originally written to serve as an introduction to the exhibition held at the State University of New York Art Gallery. Essays include: Richard Ettinghausen, “Muslim Decorative Arts and Painting—Their Nature and Impact on the Medieval West; Rudolf Schnyder, “Islamic Ceramics: A Source of Inspiration for Medieval European Art”; James D. Breckenridge, “The Two Sicilies”; Oleg Grabar, “Islamic Architecture and the West—Influences and Parallels; and Stanley Ferber, “Islamic Art and the Medieval West—The State of the Question.

Frank, Richard M. (1966), The Metaphysics of Created Being According to Abu’l Hudhayl al-’Allaf, Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologish Institute in Het Nabije Oosten, Istanbul.

 

Gibb, H. A. R. (1947), Modern Trends in Islam, Chicago University Press, Chicago.

Gibb, H. A. R. and Bowen, Harold (eds., 1957), Islamic Society and the West: A Study of the Impact of Western Civilization on Moslem Culture in the Near East, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

Gohlman, William, E. (1974), The Life of Ibn Sina: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation, State University of New York Press, Albany.

 

Goldstein, Bernard R. (1971), al-Bitruji: On the Principles of Astronomy, New Haven and London.

 

Goldstein, Bernard R. (1985), Theory and Observation in Ancient and Medieval Astronomy, Variorum Reprints, London.

 

Goldziher, Ignaz (1915), “Stellung der alten islamischen Orthodoxie zu den antiken Wissenschaften,” Abhandl. Der Preuss. Akad. D. Wiss. (Philos.-hist. Kl.) Vol. 8, pp. 3-46.

English translation as “The Attitude of Orthodox Islam Toward the ‘Ancient Sciences’” in Swartz, Merlin L. (ed., 1981), Studies on Islam, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 185-215, one of most influential articles by a leading orientalist that set the pace for many subsequent studies which define science as a foreign entity in Islamic polity that was somehow tolerated for a while and then uprooted.

Goradia, Nayana (1993), Lord Curzon: The Last of the British Moghuls, Oxford University Press, Delhi.

A good source for material on Curzon’s rule over India.

Grant, Edward (1966), The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Greaves, Richard, L. (1969), The Puritan Revolution and Educational Thought, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick.

 

Guenon, René (1941), East and West, tr. by Lord Northbourne, Luzac and Co., London.

 

Guenon, René (1942), The Crisis of the Modern World, tr. by Arthur Osbourne, Luzac and Co., London.

Guenon’s major work on contemporary spiritual crisis.

Guenon, René, (1953), The Reign of Quantity and the Signs of the Times, tr. by Lord Northbourne, Luzac and Co., London.

Contains some fundamental ideas about the reign of quantity in the contemporary civilization.

Gutas, Dimitri (1998), Greek Thought, Arabic Culture, Routledge, London and New York.

A perceptive study of the translation movement by one of the most careful scholars in the field. A good combination of synthesis, insights and understanding based on primary sources.

Hafez, Kai (ed., 2000), tr. by Kenny, Mary Ann, The Islamic World and the West, Brill, Leiden.

A study of Islamic modernity in two parts. Part I: Articles by Reinhard Schulze, Gudrun Kramer, Heiner Bielefeldt, Irmgard Pinn, Thomas Scheffler, Volker Nienhaus; Part II: Articles by Annette Junemann, Andreas Rieck, Sonja Hegasy, Erhard Franz, Catherine Samary, Alexander Flores, Henner Furtig, Rainer Freitag-Wirminghaus and Munir D. Ahmed.

Hahn, Lewis Edwin; Auxier, Randalle E.; and Stone, Lucian E. Jr. (2001), The Philosophy of Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Open Court, Chicago.

A major work dealing with all aspects of Nasr’s thought, contains a section on his ideas about Islam and science.

Hall, Rupert, A. (1983), The Revolution in Science 15001750, Longman, London.

Hamidullah, Muhammad (1988), The Prophet’s Establishing a State and His Succession, Pakistan Hijra Council, Islamabad.

References to some early sources, history of the first constitution in Islam.

Hammond, Robert (1947), The Philosophy of Alfarabi and Its Influence on Medieval Thought, Hobson Book Press, New York.

A very brief introduction to the philosophy of Al-Farabi; an older text (1946) with some good quotations.

Hanna, Faith, (1979), The Story of the American University of Beirut, Alphabet Press, Boston.

 

Haq, Syed Nomanul (1994), Names, Nature and Things, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.

A major work on Jabir Ibn Hayyan. Originally a Ph.D. thesis, expanded and revised. Contains many references to primary sources.

Hartmann, Martin (1899), The Arabic Press in Egypt, London.

 

Hartner, W. (1975), “The Islamic Astronomical Background to Nicholas Copernicus” Ossolineum, Colloquia Copernica III, Nadbitka, 7-16.

 

Haskins, Charles Homer (1924), Studies in the History of Mediaeval Science, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

 

Hasse, Dag Nikolaus (2000), Avicenna’s De anima in the Latin West, The Warburg Institute, London.

 

Hefner, Robert and Horvatich, Patricia (eds., 1997), Islam in an Era of Nation-States, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Hisham Sharabi, Hisham (1970), Arab Intellectuals and the West: The Formative Years 1875-1941, Johns Hopkins Press, Washington DC.

Hoodbhoy, Pervez (1991), Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for Rationality, Zed Books Ltd., London and New Jersey.

A scathing criticism of the project of justification of Qur’an by science, an  angry response to an ill-conceived plan which was being orchestrated by the Commission with the help of a small number of mostly old and retired Muslim scientists and an equally small number of Western scientists who had been lured into the plan by offers of attractive financial rewards and an opportunity to rub shoulders with the rulers, mercilessly exposed this profanely executed endeavor. But, it is, in itself, equally flawed because of its own agenda which was to support, reiterate and re-establish the “religious orthodoxy versus foreign sciences” thesis of Ignaz Goldziher discussed in chapter 5. Hoodbhoy finds nothing worthwhile in the Islamic scientific tradition, except “five great ‘herectics’ (al-Kindi, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Ibn Sina, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldun, cf. ch. 10 of his book); he accepts the discredited periodization in which Islamic scientific tradition is said to have withered by the thirteenth century, with its so-called “golden age” being in the eleventh century. In his “Why Didn’t the Scientific Revolution Happen in Islam?” (chapter 11), he reproduces a caricature of the arguments used by Orientalists: the role of Muslim law, autonomous institutions, political factors, especially the 1258 sacking of Baghdad, and, of course, al-Ghazali, who “routed the rationalists” a scathing criticism of the whole project. This angry response to an ill-conceived plan which was being orchestrated by the Commission with the help of a small number of mostly old and retired Muslim scientists and an equally small number of Western scientists who had been lured into the plan by offers of attractive financial rewards and an opportunity to rub shoulders with the rulers, mercilessly exposed this profanely executed endeavor. But, it is, in itself, equally flawed because of its own agenda which was to support, reiterate and re-establish the “religious orthodoxy versus foreign sciences” thesis of Ignaz Goldziher discussed in chapter 5. Hoodbhoy finds nothing worthwhile in the Islamic scientific tradition, except “five great ‘herectics’ (al-Kindi, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Ibn Sina, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldun, cf. ch. 10 of his book); he accepts the discredited periodization in which Islamic scientific tradition is said to have withered by the thirteenth century, with its so-called “golden age” being in the eleventh century. In his “Why Didn’t the Scientific Revolution Happen in Islam?” (chapter 11), he reproduces a caricature of the arguments used by Orientalists: the role of Muslim law, autonomous institutions, political factors, especially the 1258 sacking of Baghdad, and, of course, al-Ghazali, who “routed the rationalists”.

 

 

Hourani, Albert (1993), Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age: 1798-1939, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Hourani, George F. (ed., 1975), Essays in Islamic Philosophy and Science, State University of New York Press, Albany.

The collection contains some very good articles by leading scholars of Islamic philosophy.

Hodgson, Marshall, G. S. (1974), The Venture of Islam, 3 vols. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

An uneven study of the history of Muslim societies, some good insights but also follows Orientalism.

 

Huff, Toby E. (1993), The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.

Identifies the following causes for the withering of the Islamic scientific tradition:The failure to develop universalism; The failure to develop autonomous corporate bodies; the persistence of particularism in institutions of higher learning; Elitism versus communalism;  and Disinterestedness and organized skepticism. A very detailed but flawed study of the Islamic scientific tradition in the tradition of Ignaz Goldzahir.

Huchingson, James E. (ed., 1993), Religion and the Natural Sciences: The Range of Engagement, Harcourt-Brace, London.

 

Ibn Khaldun, `Abd al-Rahman Abu Zayd ibn Muhammad, Muqaddima, (repr. 1413/1992), Dar al-Qalm, Beirut.

The classical Prologue to History, by one of the most insight authors of the fifteenth century.

Ibn Khaldun, `Abd al-Rahman Abu Zayd ibn Muhammad, Muqaddima tr. Franz Rosenthal (1967) as The Muqaddima, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Ibn Khallikan, Ahmad b. Muhmmad b. Ibrahim (repr. n.d.), Wafayat al- a`yan wa anba’ abna’ al-zaman, 8 vols., Dar Sadar, Beirut.

 

Ibn Khallikan, Ahmad b. Muhmmad b. Ibrahim, Wafayat al- a`yan wa anba’ abna’ al-zaman, tr. by BN Mac Guckin De Slane (1842-71, reprn. 1961) as Ibn Khallikan’s iographical Dictionary, 4 vols., Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York and London.

One of the most important biographical dictionaries in the classical Islamic literature. A mine of information.

 

Ibn al-Nadim, al-Fihrist, (ed., 1872) by Gustav Flügel, Rawa’i` ul-Tarath al-`Arabi, Beirut.

 

Ibn al-Nadim, al-Fihrist, tr. by Bayard Dodge (1970), as The Fihrist, Columbia University Press, Cambridge.

Our primary source for numerous works of Muslim scholarship until the time of the death of the author (990/991).

Ibn Sa`d, Abu `Abd Allah Muhammad b. Sa`d (repr. 1418/1998), al-Tabqat al-Kubra, 8 vols., Dar Sadar, Beirut.

A primary source for early Islamic history.

Ibn Sina, al-Qanun fi’l-Tibb (repr. 1420/1999), Dar al-Fikr, Beirut.

Ibn Sina’s major work on medicine.

Ibn Sina, al-Shifa’, al-Ilahiyyat, ed. G. C. Anawati, Mohammad Mousa Yousef, Solayman Dunya, and Sa`id Zayed (1960), Cairo.

 

Ibn Sina, Danish Nama-i `ala’i tr. by Parviz Morewedge (1973), as The Metaphysica of Avicenna, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

 

Ibn Sina, Kitab al-Shifa’ ed. by F. Rahman (1959), Oxford University Press, London.

 

Ibn Rushd, Tahafut al-Tahafut, tr. by Simon Van Den Berghn (1954), as The Incoherence of the Incoherence, 2 vols. University Press, Oxford.

Complete translation and notes of Ibn Rushd major work. Responds to al-Ghazali’s work, Incoherence of the Philosophers.

Iqbal, Muzaffar (2002), Islam and Science, Ashgate, Aldershot.

A comprehensive work on the relationship between Islam and science. Eleven chapters: The Beginning; And these are the Signs; Making of the Tradition; Islam and Science Nexus; Withering of the Tradition; Transmission and Transformation; Winds of Change; The Colonial Cut; The Colonized Discourse; The Scientific Exegesis; The New Nexus.

Ismacil, cAbd cAziz (1938), al-Islam wa al-tibb al-Haditha (Islam and the Modern Medicine), Matb. al-Ictimad, Cairo.

 

Iztutsu, Toshikiko (1964), God and Man in the Koran: Semantics of the Koranic Weltanschauung, Keio Institute of Cultural and Linguistic Studies, Tokyo.

 

Jacob, Margaret C. (1997), Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West, Oxford University Press, New York.

 

Jami, `Abd al-Rahman, Lawa’ih, tr. by E. H. Whinfield and M. M. Kazvini (1914), as Flashes of Light: A Treatise on Sufism, Royal Asiatic Society, London.

 

Jamieson, Dale (ed.), A Companion to Environmental Philosophy, Blackwell Publishers, Malden, MA.

 

Jansen, J. J. G. (1974), The Interpretation of the Koran in Modern Egypt, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

Builds on the previous study by Baljon, J. M. S. (1961), Modern Muslim Koran Interpretation, 1880-1960, new material is added.

 

Jawhari, Tantawi (1931), al-Jawahir fi tafsir al-Qurban al-Karim al-Mushtamil cala cAjabb, 26 vols., Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, Cairo.

A voluminous work of scientific exegesis of the Qur’an.

Kamal, Mohammad (1993), Heterodoxy in Islam: A Philosophical Study, Royal Book Company, Karachi.

 

Keddie, Nikki, R, (1968), An Islamic Response to Imperialism, Politcal and Religious Writings of Sayyid Jamal ad-Din “al-Afghani”, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Political and religious works include: translation of the Refutation of the Materialists from the original Persian.

Keddie, Nikki R. (1972), Sayyid Jamal ad-Din “al-Afghani”: A Political Biography, University of California, Berkeley.

A detailed study of Afhani’s life and works.

Kedourie, Elie (1966), Afghani and ‘Abduh: An Essay on Religious Unbelief and Political Activism in Modern Islam, Frank Cass and Co., London.

A study of the relationship between Afghani and `Abduh with three appendices: `Abduh’s letter to Afghani, Beirut, 1883; Afghani’s articles in L’Intransigeants, Paris, 1883; Afghani’s letter to the British Ambassador, Constantinople, 1895. Notes.

Kennedy, E.S. and Pingree, David (1971), The Astrological History of Masha ‘allah, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Astrological doctrines of Masha ‘allah, based on original sources.

Kennedy, E. S. (1973), A Commentary upon Biruni’s Kitab Tahdid al-Amakin, American University of Beirut, Beirut.

This commentary on a major work by al-Biruni is based upon the critical edition of the text prepared by Dr. P. G. Bulgakov and checked by Dr. Imam I. Ahmad. Uses modern notations.

Kennedy, Edward S. and Ghanem, Imad (1976), The Life and Works of Ibn al-Shatir, Aleppo University, Aleppo.

Kennedy, E. S. et. al. (1983), Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences, American University, Beirut.

 

Kennedy, Edward S. (tr. 1960), The Planetary Equatorium, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Khalid b. Yazid b. Mu`awiyah, Morieni Romani, Quondam Eremitae Hierosolymitani, de transfiguratione metallorum, & occulta, summaque antiquorum Philosophorum medicina, Libellus, nusquam hactenus in lucem editus. Paris, apud Gulielmum Guillard, in via Iacobaea, sub diuae Barbarae signo, translated from the 1559 Latin by Lee Stavenhagen (1974), as A Testament of Alchemy, The University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire.

 

Khan, Sayyid Ahmad, Musafran-e London, (ed., 1961) by Shaikh Muhammad Isma`il Panipati, Majlis-e Taraqqi-e Adab, Lahore.

 

Khan, Sayyid Ahmad, Maqalat-e Sir Sayyid, (ed., 1963), by Shaikh Muhammad Isma`il Panipati, 16 vols., Majlis-e Taraqqi-e Adab, Lahore.

 

Khan, Sayyid Ahmad, Maktubat-e Sir Sayyid (Letters of Sir Sayyid Ahmad) (ed., 1976), Shaikh Muhammad Isma`il Panipati, 2 vols., Majlis-e Taraqqi-e Adab, Lahore.

 

King, David (1986), Islamic Mathematical Astronomy, Variorum Reprints, London.

A collection of 18 previously published articles by one of the most important historians of Islamic astronomy. Articles: Some Reflections on the History of Islamic Astronomy; On the Astronomical Tables of the Islamic Middle Ages; The Astronomy of the Mamluks; Mathematical Astronomy in Medieval Yemen; A Double-Argument Table for the Lunar Equation Attributed to Ibn Yunus; Ibn al-Majdi’s Tables of Calculating Ephemerides; Some Astronomical Observations from Thirteenth-Century Egypt; Indian Astronomy in the Fourteenth-Century Fez: The versified Zij of al-Qasuntini; Ibn Yunus’ Very Useful Tables for Reckoning Time by the Sun; Astronomical Timekeeping in Fourteenth-Century Syria; al-Khlili’s Auxiliary Tables for Solving Problems of Sperical Astronomy; Astronomical Timekeeping in Ottoman Turkey; al-Khalili’s Qibla Tables; On Medieval Islamic Multiplication Tables; Supplementary Notes on Medieval Islamic Multiplication Tables; A Handlist of the Arabic and Persian Astronomical Manuscripts in the Maharaja Mansingh II Library in Jaipur; Islamic Mathematics and Astronomy: An essay review of the Chapters on mathematics and astronomy in S.H. Nasr, Islamic Science: An Illustrated Study; Islamic Mathematics: A review of A. A. Daffa, The Muslim Contribution to Mathematics.

King, David (1987), Islamic Astronomical Instruments, Variorum Reprints, London.

A collection of 22 previously published articles on various astronomical instruments used by Muslim astronomers.

King, David (1999), World Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

A mine of information on Islamic astronomical tradition. Contains useful references to numerous other works, both modern and ancient.

Koyré, Alexandre (1968), Metaphysics and Measurement: Essays in the Scientific Revolution, Chapman and Hall, London.

 

Kuhn, Thomas (1962), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

 

Jayyusi, Salam Khadra (ed., 1994), The Legacy of Muslim Spain, 2 vols. E. J. Brill, Leiden.

The best two-volume source on Islamic Spain.

Lane, Edward W. (1877, repr. 1984), An Arabic-English Lexicon, Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge.

The most detailed lexicon, old but still very useful.

Lapidus, Ira M. (1988), A History of Islamic Societies, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Lattin, Harriet Pratt (tr. 1961), The Letters of Gilbert with His Papal Privileges as Sylvester II, Columbia University Press, New York.

 

Leaman, Oliver (1988), Averroes and his Philosophy, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Three major chapters on Averroes:  Metaphysics, Practical Philosophy and Reason, Religion, and Language.

Leaman, Oliver and Nasr, Seyyed Hossain (1996), Routledge History of World Philosophies, 2 vols. Routledge, London.

 

Lecomte, G. (1965), Ibn Qutaiba, L’Homme, son oeuvre ses ides, Publications de l’Institute Français de Damas, Damascus.

 

Levtzion, N. (ed., 1987), Eighteenth Century Renewal and Reform in Islam, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse.

Lewis, Bernard (ed., 1976), Islam and the Arab World, Knopf, New York.

 

Lewis, Bernard (1982), The Muslim Discovery of Europe, W. W. Norton and Company, New York.

 

Lindberg, David, C. (1976), Theories of Vision: From al-Kindi to Kepler, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

 

Lindberg, David C. (1992), The Beginnings of Western Science, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.

 

Lindberg, David C. and Numbers, Ronald L. (1986), God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, University of California Press, Berkeley.

 

Lings, Martin (1986), The Eleventh Hour, Kazi Publications, Chicago.

Contains a critique of theory of evolution.

Lings, Martin (1999), The Book of Certainty, Suhail Academy, Lahore.

 

Maddison, Francis, Pelling, Margaret, and Webster, Charles (eds., 1977), Linacre Studies: Essays on the Life and Works of Thomas Linacre c. 1460-1525, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

 

Mahmood, S. Bashir ud-Din (1991), Doomsday and Life After Death, Holy Qur’an Research Foundation, Islamabad.

 

Malik, Hafeez (1980), Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Muslim Modernism in India and Pakistan, Columbia University Press, New York.

A good study of the role of Ahmad Khan in the emergence of educational institutions in the subcontinent.

 

Makdisi, George (1981), The Rise of Colleges: Institutions of Learning in Islam and the West, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

A ground breaking work on the Islamic institutions of learning.

Makdisi, George (1991), Religion, Law and Learning in Classical Islam, Variorum, Hampshire.

 

Mahmood, S. Bashir ud-Din (1991), Doomsday and Life after Death, Holy Qurban Research Foundation, Islamabad.

Explains the Qur’anic themes of Resurrection and life after death through scientific discoveries.

Maier, Anneliese (1949-1958), Studien zur Naturphilosophie der Spätscholstik (Studies on late scholastic natural philosophy) 5 vols. Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, Rome.

Maier, Anneliese (1964, 1967 and 1977), Ausgehendes Mittelalter, Collective essays on fourteenth-century intellectual history, 3 vols. Edinioni di Storia e Letteratura, Rome.

 

Maier, Anneliese (1966), Storia e Letteratura, 9 vols. Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, Rome.

 

Maier, Anneliese (1982), On the Threshold of Exact Science: Selected Writings of Anneliese Maier on Late Medieval Natural Philosophy, Selected and translated with an introduction by Steven D. Sargent, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

A good study to understand the transformation of science during the Scientific Revolution Refers to some Islamic concepts.

Majid, Anouar (2000), Unveiling Traditions: Postcolonial Islam in a Polycentric World, Duke University Press, Durham & London.

 

Mardin, Serif (2000), The Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought: A Study in the Modernization of Turkish Political Ideas, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse.

 

Mardin, Serif (2000), The Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought: A Study in the Modernization of Turkish Political Ideas, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse.

 

Marmura, Michael E. (ed., 1984), Islamic Theology and Philosophy, SAtudies in Honor of George F. Hourani, State University of New York Press, Albany.

A collection of 17 articles by leading scholars. Part one deals with Islamic Theology, part two with Islamic philosophy.

Martin, R. N. D. (1991), Pierre Duhem, Philosophy and History in the Work of a Believing Physicist, Open Court, LaSalle, Illinois.

 

Mason, Herbert (1986), A Legend of Alexander and the Merchant and the Parrot, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame.

A very good introduction on the nature of two civilizations, the Mediterranean and the Mesopotamian, along with a traditional folk tale, retold.

 

Massignon, Louis, tr. by Herbert Mason (1982), as The Passion of al-Hallaj, 4 vols., Princeton University Press.

The most impressive work on al-Hallaj, contains a rich repository of information on early Islamic intellectual and spiritual movements; a fascinating account of the ninth/tenth century Baghdad; and a large bibliography (volume 4) on al-Hallaj, still unsurpassed.

 

Masud, Muhammad Khalid (1977), Islamic Legal Philosophy. A study of Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi’s life and thought, Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

 

Masud, Muhammad Khalid (1995) Shatibi’s Philosophy of Islamic Law, Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

 

Melville, Charles (ed. 1996), Safavid Persia, I. B. Tauris & Co Ltd, London, New York.

A collection of fifteen papers, all but one originally presented at the Second International Round Table on Safavid Persia, held in Pembroke College, Cambridge, under the auspices of the University’s Centre of Middle Eastern Studies, in September 1993. Papers include: “The Historiography of Safavid Prefaces”; “The Early Years of Shah Isma`il in Afzal al-Tavarikh and Elsewhere”; “The Iconography of the Shah-Nama Shahi”; “Kinship Ties between the Safavids and the Qizilbash Amiers in the Late Siexteenth-Century Iran”; Le Dar al-Saltana de Qazvin”; Sufis, Dervishes and Mullas: the Controversy over Spiritual and Temoral Domain in Seventeenth-Century Iran”; Shi`I Rituals and Power II: The Consolidation of Safavid Shi`ism”; Shah `Abbas and the Pilgrimage to Mashad”; “Barrier of Heterodoxy: Rethinking the Ties Between Iran and Central Asia in the Seventeenth Century”; “Persian during the Safavid Period”; Similar Farmans from the Reign of Shah Safi”; The Rise of the Julfa Merchants in the Late Sixteenth Century”; The Dutch and the Persian Silk Trade”; The Character of the Urbanisation of Isfahan in the Later Safavid Period”; Unwalled Cities and Restless Nomads: Firearms and Artillary in Safavid Iran”. Uneven quality, some are very good papers, others are not.

 

Mendelsohn Everett (ed., 1984), Transformation and Tradition in the Sciences: Essays in Honor of I. Bernard Cohen, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Merton, Robert K. (1970), Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth-Century England, Harper and Row, New York.

 

Meynell, Hugo A. (1982), The Intelligible Universe: A Cosmological Argument, Macmillan Press Ltd., London.

 

Moore, Keith L. (1982), The Developing Human: With Islamic Additions, Commission on the Scientific Miracles of the Qur’an and Sunna, Jeddah.

 

Moore, Keith L. (1993), Qur’an and Modern Science: Correlation Studies, Islamic Academy for Scientific Research, Jeddah.

 

Morewedge, Parviz (ed., 1979), Islamic Philosophical Theology, State University of New York Press, Albany.

A collection of 11 articles in three parts. Part I: The Greek Philsophical Tradition and Islamic Theology; The Origins of Islamic Platonism: The School Tradition; Aux débuts de la réflexion théolgique del l’Islam; La logique d’Aristote chez les Mutakallimun; Part II: Classical Islamic Theology and the Early Shi`a Movement: Kalam and Philosophy, Faith as Tasdiq; The Shiite and Kharijite Contribution to Pre-Ash`arite Kalam; Part III: The Development of Philosophical and Mystical Theology: Reason and Revelation in Ibn Hazm’s Ethical Thought; Avicenna’s Proof of the Existence of God as Necessarily Existent Being; A Third Version of the Ontological Argument in the Ibn Sinian Metaphyiscs and Al-Jami’s Treatise on “Existence”.

Morewedge, Parviz (ed., 1992), Neoplatonism and Islamic Thought, State University of New York Press, Albany.

A good summary in three part: 1. The context of Islamic Neoplatonism; II: NeoPlatonisma nd Islamic Philosphy; III: Neoplatonism and Islamic Mysticism.

Murata, Sachiko and Chittick, William (1995), The Vision of Islam, State University of New York.

 

Muslim, Mustafa (1999), Mabahith fibl-icjaz al-Qurban, Dar al-Qalam, Damascus.

 

Nadhr, Ahmad (1972), Jabizah-e Madaris cArabiyya Islamiyya Maghribi Pakistan (A Survey of Arabic Madaris of West Pakistan), Muslim Academy, Lahore.

 

Naqvi, Syed Sibte Nabi (1973), Islam and Contemporary Science, World Federation of Islamic Missions, Karachi.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1964), An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, repr. (1993), State University Press of New York, Albany.

One of the first major modern work dealing with the cosmological doctrines of Ibn Sina, al-Biruni and the Ikhwan al-Saffa’.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1968), Science and Civilization in Islam, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Nasr’s first major work on Islamic scientific tradition.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein and Chittick, William C. (eds., 1975-91), An Annotated Bibliography of Islamic Science, Cultural Studies and Research Institute, Tehran.

A very useful bibliography of Islamic scientific tradition.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1975), Islam and the Plight of Modern Man, Longman, London.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1975), The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra, Albany: State University of New York Press, Albany.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1981), Islamic Life and Thought, State Univeristy of New York Press, Albany.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1981), Knowledge and the Sacred, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Contains Nasr’s main ideas on the relationship between Islam and science.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1981), Traditional Islam in the Modern World, KPI, London.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1987), Islamic Art and Spirituality, State University of New York Press, Albany.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1993), The Need for a Sacred Science, State University of New York Press, Albany.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1996), The Islamic Intellectual Tradition in Persia, Curzon Press, Surrey.

A concise history of the Islamic thought in Persia in six parts. Part 1: Islmaic thought and Persian culture; Part II: Early Islamic Philosophy; Part III: Suhrawardi and the School of Ishraq; Part IV: Philosophers-poets-scientists; Part V: later Islamic Philosophy; Part VI: Islamic Thought in Modern Iran.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1996), Religion and the Order of Nature, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

Nasr, S. H. and Leaman, O. (eds., 1996), A History of Islamic Philosophy, 2 vols., Routledge, London.

 

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein and Mohaghegh, Mehdi (eds., 1995), al-As’ilah wa’l-Ajwibah, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC), Kuala Lumpur.

 

Nawfal, ‘Abd al-Razzaq (1989), Minabl-ayat al-cilmiyya (About the scientific verses), Dar ash-Shuruq, Cairo and Beirut.

 

Needham, Joseph (1954—), Science and Civilization in China, 7 vols. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Netton, Ian Richard (1989), Allah Transcendent. Curzon Press, Surrey.

 

Neugebauer, O. (1957), The Exact Sciences in Antiquity, Brown University Press, Providence; all references are to the 1969 reprint, Dover Publications Inc. New York.

 

Neugebauer, O. (1975), A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy, Springer-Verlag, New York.

Northbourne, Lord (1970), Looking Back on Progress, Perennial Books, London.

 

Nurbaki, Haluk (1993), Verses from the Glorious Koran and the Scientific Facts, 3rd edition, Türkiye Diyanet Vakfi, Ankara.

 

Nursi, Said Bediuzzaman, tr. from Turkish by Şükran Vahide (1989), as The Damascus Sermon, Sözler Neşriyat ve Sanayi A. Ş, Istanbul.

 

Nursi, Said Bediuzzaman, tr. from Turkish Sözler (1998), as The Words, Sözler Neşriyat Ticaret ve Sanayi A. Ş, Istanbul.

Includes many scientific explanations of the Qur’anic verses.

Nyazee, Imran Ahsan Khan (2000), Islamic Jurisprudence, Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

 

Ormsby, Eric L. (1984), Theodicy in Islamic Thought, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Osler, Margaret and Farber, Paul L. (1985), Religion, Science, and Worldview, Essays in Honor of Richard S. Westfall, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Pailin, D. (1994), Probing the Foundations: A Study in Theistic Reconstruction, Pharos, Kampen, The Netherlands.

 

Panipati, Shaikh Muhammad Ismacil (ed., 1993), Letters to and from Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Board for Advancement of Literature, Lahore.

 

Pedersen, Johannes, tr. by Geoffrey French (1984), The Arabic Book, with an introduction by Robert Hillenbrand, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Peters, F. E. (1968), Aristotle and the Arabs: The Aristotelian Tradition in Islam, New York University Press, New York.

 

Peters, Ted; Iqbal, Muzaffar; and Haq, Nomanul S. (eds., 2002), God, Life and the Cosmos: Christian and Islamic Perspectives, Ashgate, Aldershot.

The first book to bring together Christian and Muslim scholars on major themes in science and relgion.

Petry, Carl F. (1981), The Civilian Elite of Cairo in the Later Middle Ages, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Piamenta, M. (1983), The Muslim Conception of God and Human Welfare, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Pines, Shlomo (1986), Studies in Arabic Versions of Greek Texts and in Medieval Science, The Magnes Press, Hebrew University, Jerusalem.

A collection of previously published articles on various aspects of Islamic scientific tradition.

Qudsi-zadah, Albert (1970), Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani: An Annotated Bibliography, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Qurashi, M. M.; Bhutta, S. M.; and Jafar, S. M. (1987), Quranic Ayaat Containing References to Science and Technology, Sh. Sirri Welfare & Cultural Trust and Pakistan Science Foundation, Islamabad.

 

Ragep, Jamil F and Ragep, Sally P (eds., 1996), Tradition, Transmission, Transformation, E.J. Brill, Leiden,

Contains many important papers on the history of transmission of scientific knowledge from the Greek to the Islamic traditions and from the Islamic tradition to the European traditions. Papers by many historians of science

Rahbar, Daud (1960), God of Justice: A Study in the Ethical Doctrine of the Qur’an, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Rahman, Fazlur (1965), Islamic Methodology in History, Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

 

Rahman, Fazlur (1966), Islam, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London.

 

Rahman, Fazlur (1980), Major Themes in the Qur’an, Bibliotheca Islamica, Minneapolis.

 

Rahman, Fazlur (1982, 1984), Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, London.

 

Rahman, Fazlur, ed., by Ebrahim Moosa (2000), Revival and Reform in Islam: A Study of Islamic Fundamentalism, Oneworld Publications, Oxford.

 

Raschid, M. S. (1981), Iqbal’s Concept of God, Kegan Paul International, London.

 

Rashed, Roshdi (ed., 1996), Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science, Routledge, London.

A major bibliography of Islamic scientific texts.

 

Ratzsch Del (2000), Science and its Limits, InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Ill. and Leicester, England.

 

Rescher, Nicholas (1966), Studies in Arabic Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh.

A collection of 10 articles: Al-Kindi’s Epistle on the concentric structure of the universe; Al-Kindi’s treatise on the Platonic solids; Yahya ibn `Adi’s treatise “On the Four Scientific Questions Regarding the Art of Logic”; “Ibn al-Salah on Aristotle on Causation; The Concept of Existence in Arabic Logic and Philosophy; The theory of temporal modalities in Arabic logic and philosophy; Ibn al-`Assal’s Discourse on Logic; Nicholas of Cusa on the Qur’an; The Impact of Arabic Philsophy on the West.

Rosenthal, Franz, (1990), Greek Philosophy in the Arab World, Variorum, Aldershot.

A collection of 7 articles: Arabische Nachrichten über Zenon den Eleaten; On the Knowledge of Plato’s Philosophy in the Islamic World; Ash-Shaykh al-Yunani and the Arabic Plotinus Source; Plotinus in Islam: The Power of Anonymity; A Commentator of Aristotle; The Symbolism of the Tabula Cebetis according to Abu l-Faraj Ibn at-Tayyib; Sayings of the Ancients from Ibn Durayd’s Kitab al-Mujtana.

Rosenthal, Franz, (1990), Muslim Intellectual and Social History, Variorum, Aldershot.

 

Russell, Robert; Stoeger, S. J. William R.; and Coyne, S. J. George V. (eds., 1988), Physics, Philosophy and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, Harper & Row, San Francisco.

 

Russell, Robert; Murphy, Nancy and Isham, C.J. (eds., 1993), Quantum Cosmology and the Laws of Nature: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action, Vatican Observatory Foundation, Vatican City State.

 

Sabra, A. I. (1994), Optics, Astronomy and Logic: Studies in Arabic Science and Philosophy, Variorum, Aldershot.

 

Sabra, A and Shehaby N. (1971) Ibn al-Haytham al-Shukuk `Ala Batlamyus (Dubitationes in Ptolemaeum), National Library Press, Cairo.

 

Sadra, Mulla, al-Asfar al-araba `at al-`qliyyah (Four Intellectual Journeys), ed. by Allamah Muhammad Hasayn Tabatabai (1968), Fourth Book, Qom.

 

Sadra, Mulla, al-Hikmatul Muta`liya, repr. (1981), 9 vols. Dar Ihya’ al-Tarath al-`Arabi, Beirut.

 

Sadra, Mulla, al-Hikmat al-`arshiyya, tr. by James Morris (1981), as The Wisdom from the Divine Throne, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Sadra, Mulla, al-Mabda’ wa’l-Ma`d, tr. by James Morris (1981), as The Beginning and End, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Saliba, George (1994), A History of Arabic Astronomy: Planetary Theories During the Golden Age of Islam, New York University Press, New York.

 

Sami, A. (1917), al-Talim fi Misr (Education in Egypt), Cairo.

 

Sardar, Ziauddin (ed., 1984), The Touch of Midas: Science, Values and the Environment in Islam and the West, University of Manchester, Manchester.

Sardar, Ziauddin (1985), Islamic Futures, Mansell Publishing Ltd., London.

 

Sardar, Ziauddin (1989), Explorations in Islamic Science, Mansell Publishing Ltd., London.

 

Sarton, George (1931-48), Introduction to the History of Science, 3 vols., published for the Carnegie Institute of Washington by The Williams & Wilking Company, Baltimore.

 

Saud, Muhammad (1986), Islam and Evolution of Science, Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

 

Sayili, Aydin (1960), The Observatory in Islam, Publications of the Turkish Historical Society, Series VII, No. 38, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi, Ankara, repr. (1981), Arno Press, New York.

Sayyid, Bobby, S. (1997), A Fundamental Fear: Eurocentrism and Emergence of Islamism, Zed Books Ltd., London, New York.

 

Schact, J. (1950), The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

Schact, J. (1964), An Introduction to Islamic Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

Schuon, Frithjof, tr. by Lord Northbourne (1963), Understanding Islam, Allen and Unwin, London.

 

Schuon, Frithjof, tr. by Lord Northbourne (1965), as Light on the Ancient Worlds, Perennial Books, London.

 

Schuon, Frithjof, tr. by P. N. Townsend (1966), Dimensions of Islam, Allen and Unwin, London.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1978), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 6, Astronomie. bis ca. 430 H., E. J. Brill, Leiden.

These nine volumes are the best reference work of the twentieth century on various Islamic scientific texts.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1979), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 7, Astrologie-Meteorologie und Verwandtes. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1982), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 8, Lexikographie. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1984), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 9, Grammatik. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1996), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 1, Qur’anwissenschaften, Hadit, Geschichte, Fiqh, Dogmatik, Mystik. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1996), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 2, Poesie. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1996), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 3, Medizin-Pharmazie, Zoologie-Tierheilkunde. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

Sezgin, Fuat (1996), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 4, Alchimie-Chemie, Botanik-Agrikultur. bis ca. 430 H, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Sezgin, Fuat (1997), Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Volume 5, Mathematik, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Shah-Kazemi, Reza (ed., 1997), Algeria Revolution Revisited, Islamic World Report, London.

 

Sharabi, Hisham (1970), Arab Intellectuals and the West: The Formative Years 1875-1941, Johns Hopkins Press, Washington DC.

 

Sharif, M. M. (1963, reprn. 1983), A History of Muslim Philosophy, 2 vols. Pakistan Philosophical Congress, Karachi.

 

Shehadi, Fadlou (1982), Metaphysics in Islamic Philosophy, Caravan Books, New York.

 

Siddiqi, Mazheruddin (1982), Modern Reformist Thought in the Muslim World, Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad.

 

Smith, Houston (2001), Why Religion Matters, HarperCollins, New York.

 

Smith, W. Cantwell (1957), Islam in Modern History, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

 

Stahl, William H. (1962), Roman Science: Origins, Development and Influence to the Later Middle Ages, University of Madison Press, Madison, 1962.

 

Stenberg, Leif (1996), The Islamization of Science: Four Muslim Positions, Developing an Islamic Modernity, Lund Studies in History of Religions, Ludwig.

Stephenson, Bruce; Bolt, Marvin and Friedman, Anna F. (2000), The Universe Unveiled, Instruments and Images Through History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Straye, Joseph R. (ed.) Dictionary of Middle Ages, 13 vols. Scribner, New York.

 

Stroumsa, Sarah (1999), Freethinkers of Medieval Islam, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Stuewer, Roger H. (ed., 1970), Historical and Philosophical Perspectives of Science, Gordon and Breach, New York.

 

Swartz, Merlin L. (ed., tr., 1981), Studies on Islam, Oxford University Press, New York.

A collection of ten previously published articles by leading orientalists.

Swerdlow, N. M. and Neugebauer, O. (1984), Mathematical Astronomy in Copernicus’s De Revolutionibus, Springer, New York.

 

Thanvi, Maulana Ahsraf `Ali, ed. by Muhammad Mustafa (1994), Islam awr `aliyyat, Bijnauri, Idara Islamyat, Lahore.

 

Thorndike, Lynn (1944), Science and Thought in the Fifteenth Century, Columbia University Press, New York.

 

Thorpe, W. H. (1965), Science, Man and Morals, Methuen and Co. Ltd. London.

 

Tibawi, A. L. (1969), A Modern History of Syria, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

 

 

Toledano, Ehud R. (1990), State and Society in Mid-Nineteenth Century Egypt, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Toomer, Gerald, J. (1990), Apollonius Conics Books V to VII: The Arabic Translation of the Lost Greek Original in the Version of the Banu Musa, 2 vols. Sources in History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 9, Springer-Verlag, New York.

 

Toomer, Gerald (1995), The Study of Arabic in England During the Seventeenth Century, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

Troll, C.W. (1979), Sayyid Ahmad Khan: A Reinterpretation of Muslim Theology, Oxford University Press, Karachi.

 

Turner, Howard R. (1995), Science in Medieval Islam, University of Texas Press, Austin.

 

Ullah, Mohammad Zia, (1984), Islamic Concept of God, Kegan Paul International, London.

 

Van Cittert, P. H. (1954), Astrolabes, E. J. Brill, Leiden.

A short history of astrolabes with pictures.

Van Steenberghen, Fernand, tr. by Leonard Johnston (1955), as Aristotle in the West, , Nauwelaerts, Louvian.

 

Von Grunebaum, G. E. (1962), Modern Islam: The Search for Cultural Identity, Greenwood Press, Connecticut.

 

Von Grunebaum, G. E. (1982), Islam: Essay in the Nature and Growth of a Cultural Tradition, Greenwood Publishing Group, Connecticut.

 

Walzer, Richard (1962), Greek into Arabic, Essays on Islamic Philosophy, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

A major work on the Greek to Arabic translation movement; deals with special case studies.

Watt, Montgomery W. (1973), The Formative Period of Islamic Thought, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh.

 

Watt, Montgomery W. (1985), Islamic Philosophy and Theology, University Press, Edinburgh.

An extended survey.  Five parts: Part One: The Umayyad Period and the Prelude; Part two: The First Wave of Hellenism; Part Three: The Second Wave of Hellenism; Part Four: The Later Islamic Middle Ages (1250-1850; and Part Five: The Modern Period.

 

Westerlund, David and Svanberg, Ingvar (eds.,1999), Islam Outside the Arab World, Curzon, Surrey.

 

Westfall, Richard S. (1971, 1977), The Construction of Modern Science: Mechanisms and Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Whitall, Perry N. (1995), The Widening Breach: Evolutionism in the Mirror of Cosmology, Quinta Essentia, Cambridge.

A critique of Darwinism from the traditional perspective.

 

Wotton, William (1694), Reflections upon Ancient and Modern Learning, reprinted (1968) by Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, Hildesheim.

 

Yahya, Harun (2000), The Evolutionary Deceit, Okur Publishing, Istanbul.

 

Yahya, Harun (2000), The Disasters Darwinism Brought to Humanity tr. by Carl Rossini, Vural Yayincilik, Istanbul.

 

Yaqut, Shihab al-Din Abi `Abd Allah (reprn. 1993, 1995), Mu`jam al-Buldan, Dar Sadar, Beirut.

A mine of information about Islamic cities; one of the most important primary sources.

 

Yazdi, Mehdi Hairi (1992), The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy, State University of New York Press, Albany.

 

Ziadat, Adel A. (1986), Western Science in the Arab World, Macmillan Press, London.

A detailed account of the arrival of Darwin’s theory in the Arab world, responses and reactions modern science